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Slave Trade


Slave quarters near the slave market – an Anglican church was built over the site in 1874. Source: zanzibar-tanzania/Kusimba, Chapurukha M. 2004. ‘Archaeology of slavery in East Africa’. The African Archaeological Review 21(2): 59–88.

Rowoldt, Sandra C.T. 2000. ‘Narratives of the Oromo Slaves at Lovedale.’ Quarterly Bulletin of the National Library of South Africa 55(2): 67–80.
These narratives date from 1888 when a group of Oromo (Ethiopian) slaves were rescued and brought to the Eastern Cape, but their experiences of capture may be indicative of earlier slave trade realities.

Shell, Robert C.-H. & Rowoldt, Sandy C.T. n.d. The Oromo Diaspora Narratives.
The narratives are the same as in Rowoldt (2000) above, but this version includes photos and other visual material.

Women slave singers (qiyān) and musicians entertaining a caliph or other princely personage in Baghdad. (Image used on the front cover of Caswell 2011; no source details for it are given there.) Source: C3_FR_20150116100019.jpgTalib, Y. 1988. ‘The African diaspora in Asia’. Chapter 26 in Unesco General History of Africa III: Africa from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century, ed. M. Elfasi. Berkeley, CA: Heinemann & UNESCO. The chapter includes discussion of sources of African slaves and the operation of slave markets.

Caswell, Fuad Matthew. 2011. The Slave Girls of Baghdad: The Qiyan in the Early Abbasid Era. London: I.B. Tauris.

Segal, Ronald. 2003. Islam’s Black Slaves : A History of Africa’s Other Black Diaspora. London: Atlantic Books.