Blench, Roger. 2012. ‘Two vanished African maritime traditions and a parallel from South America’. African Archaeological Review 29: 273–92.
Chami, Felix A. 1998. ‘A review of Swahili archaeology’. African Archaeological Review 15(3): 199–218.
LaViolette, Adria. 2008. ‘Swahili cosmopolitanism in Africa and the Indian Ocean World, A.D. 600–1500’. Archaeologies: Journal of the World Archaeological Congress 4(1): 24–49..
Kusimba, Chapurukha M. 2004. ‘Archaeology of slavery in East Africa’. The African Archaeological Review 21(2): 59–88.
Masao, F.T.& Mutoro, H.W. 1988. ‘The East African coast and the Comoro Islands’. Chapter 21 in Unesco General History of Africa III: Africa from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century, ed. M. Elfasi. Berkeley, CA: Heinemann & UNESCO.
Pearson, M.N. 1998. Port Cities and Intruders: The Swahili Coast, India and Portugal in the Early Modern Era. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press.
Rowoldt, Sandra C.T. 2000. ‘Narratives of the Oromo Slaves at Lovedale.’ Quarterly Bulletin of the National Library of South Africa 55(2): 67–80.
These narratives date from 1888 when a group of Oromo (Ethiopian) slaves were rescued and brought to the Eastern Cape, but their experiences of capture may be indicative of earlier slave trade realities.
Shell, Robert C.-H. & Rowoldt, Sandy C.T. n.d. The Oromo Diaspora Narratives. The narratives are the same as in Rowoldt (2000) above, but this version includes photos and other visual material.
Sheriff, Abdul. 2010. Dhow Cultures of the Indian Ocean: Cosmopolitanism, Commerce and Islam. London: C. Hurst & Co.
Talib, Y. 1988. ‘The African diaspora in Asia’. Chapter 26 in Unesco General History of Africa III: Africa from the Seventh to the Eleventh Century, ed. M. Elfasi. Berkeley, CA: Heinemann & UNESCO. The chapter includes discussion of sources of African slaves and the operation of slave markets.
Villiers, Alan. 1969 (1940). ‘On to Zanzibar’. Chapter 10 in Sons of Sinbad. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.